Plitvice Lakes - the oldest and the most visited national park
Plitvice Lakes are the oldest, the largest and the most visited national park of the Republic of Croatia. This area has always attracted nature lovers with its exceptional beauty and was proclaimed as the first national park in Croatia back in 1949. Plitvice Lakes also received an international acknowledgment in 1979 by inscribing to the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Only a small part of the National Park consists of its lakes
The phenomenon of these lakes is in the process of 'calcification' that forms the famous sedge barriers or, in the simplest terms, creates the karstic parts of the lake through which water falls then creating an indescribable picture of this natural phenomenon. In 1997, the Park area expanded and spreads over the area somewhat less than 300 km2. Most of the Park is covered with forest vegetation, a smaller part with lawns, and the most interesting and attractive part of the Park - Lakes, occupy only slightly less than 1% of the surface. The lake system consists of 16 named and several smaller, cascade-sized lakes. It is divided into 'Gornja' or 'Upper' and 'Donja' or 'Lower' lakes. Prošćansko, Ciginovac, Okrug, Batinovac, Big lake, Small lake, Vir, Galovac, Milino lake, Gradinsko lake, Burgeti and Kozjak make the twelve lakes that make up the Upper Lakes. The Upper Lakes are more spacious and indented than the Lower Lakes. The Lower Lakes are the lakes Milanovac, Gavanovac, Kaluđerovac and Novaković Brod. The lakes end with imposing waterfalls called Sastavci, at the base of which begins the flow of the Korana River.
Biodiversity and caves at Plitvice Lakes
Water availability has a major impact on the biodiversity of this area. The National Park is located in Plitvice Plateau, surrounded by three mountains, and the shrubbery mountains play the role of the water reservoirs and are also a shelter for many animal species. The great difference in altitude in the narrow space between the mountains in the south and the Korana River in the north is also a significant reason for the biodiversity of this area. Most of the natural phenomena occur under the ground, where there is plenty of water, and also developed systems of subterranean river basins that pop water out when it reaches the permeable rocks. The park is also rich in caves. Caves that are open fot visitors are the caves of Golubnjača and Šupljara above the lake Kaluđerovac. Other caves are: Dark Cave, Vila Jezerkinje and Golubnjača. The remains of the Cave Bear were found in Rodić's cave on Sertić Field and in the Dark Cave on the Lower Lakes.
Why do you have to visit Plitvice Lakes?
The phenomenon of Plitvice lakes is the result of centuries-old processes and limestone deposition, which is abundantly present in the waters of this karst area. The special feature of Plitvice Lakes is in the fact that the lakes are connected, and the water power constantly changes the shape of the lake and the landscape.
The spacious forest complexes, an exceptional natural beauty of the lakes and waterfalls, the richness of the flora and fauna, the fresh mountain air, the contrasts of autumn colors, forest paths and wooden bridges are the beauty of this indispensable whole that attracts millions of people every year and leaves them breathless.
We invite you to take day tour from Split to Plitvice Lakes and explore this treasure of Croatia's nature.
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