Diocletian's Palace in Split
Diocletian was a Roman Emperor from the 20th November 284 to the 11th May 305. He declared himself a god in his reign but the Christian part of the empire did not support that idea. Then he started persecuting Christians, crucifying more than any other emperor. We can also remember him for the decision that coins could only be made of gold or silver, stopping the trend of using lead in their creation. He made the tax system work more efficiently.
The Diocletian's Palace is an ancient palace built for the Diocletian emperor at the turn of the fourth century, and now it forms the old town of Split. The purpose and intention were to build a retirement residence for Diocletian. The Diocletian Palace is one of the best-preserved monuments of Roman architecture in the world. The Emperor's Palace was built as a combination of a luxury villa - summer house and a Roman military camp (castrum), divided into four parts with two main streets. The southern part of the Palace was intended for the Emperor's apartment and ceremonies, while the north part was for the Imperial guard.
The palace today is the most important historical building and the most famous and complete architectural and cultural monument on the Croatian Adriatic coast. As the world's most complete remains of a Roman palace, it holds an outstanding place in the Mediterranean, European and world heritage.
We would also like to point out the Cathedral of Saint Domnius that is situated in the Diocletian's Palace. The Mausoleum of the Emperor - the persecutor of Christians became a cathedral in the 7th century where altars with relics of St. Domnius and St Anastasius, martyrs executed in nearby Solin, take an honorary place. The Cathedral today is primarily a place of liturgy, the bell tower of the Cathedral (57m) is the most original Dalmatian Medieval architecture. You can climb the steps all the way to the top of the bell tower, where a spectacular view of entire Split awaits you.
Peristyle, as the central square of the Palace, intended for the Emperor celebrated as the living son of Jupiter, finds its place among many temples. Owing to its unique beauty and unusual acoustics, Peristyle became the ideal theatre scenery, perfect for opera classics and works of ancient literature, but also a stage where abundant urban life continues. Peristyle with a perfectly preserved sphinx is a witness of Split's history.
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